Carpet (Persian:فرش-قالی) weaving is an essential part of Persian culture and art. Within the group of Oriental rugs produced by the countries of the so-called "rug belt", the Persian carpet stands out by the variety and elaborateness of its designs.
Persian carpets and rugs of various types were woven in parallel by nomadic tribes, in village and town workshops, and by royal court manufactories alike. As such, they represent different, simultaneous lines of tradition, and reflect the history of Iran and its various peoples. The carpets woven in the Safavid court manufactories of Isfahan during the sixteenth century are famous for their elaborate colours and artistical design, and are treasured in museums and private collections all over the world today.
Kilims (Persian: گلیم gelīm, Azerbaijani: Kilim کیلیم, Turkish: Kilim, Turkmen: Kilim) are flat tapestry-woven carpets or rugs produced from the Balkans to Pakistan. Kilims can be purely decorative or can function as prayer rugs.Kilims are produced by tightly interweaving the warp and weft strands of the weave to produce a flat surface with no pile.
Zardozi or Zar-douzi (Persian: زَردوزی, Arabic: خرير الماء, Urdu: زَردوزی, Azerbaijani:Zərdozi, Hindi: ज़रदोज़ी) work is a type of embroidery in Iran, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Kuwait, Turkey,Central Asia, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Zardozi embroidery is beautiful metal embroidery, which once used to embellish the attire of the Kings and the royals in India.
Kalamkari or qalamkari (Persian:قلم کاری) is a type of hand-painted or block-printed cotton textile, produced in parts of India and Iran. Its name originates in the Persian قلمکار, which is derived from the words qalam (pen) and kari (craftmanship), meaning drawing with a pen.
Ghalam-zani (Persian:قلم زنی) is the art of engraving and embossing elaborate designs, patterns and shapes on metals such as copper, silver, gold, and brass. It is widely used to make decorative trays, plates, vases, pitchers, etc. This magnificent art has a long history dating back to more than several thousand years ago. The most recognized centers for the production of Ghalamzani are currently in cities of Esfahan, Shiraz, Tehran, Tabass, and Kermanshah.
A Persian miniature (Persian:مینیاتور) is a small painting on paper, whether a book illustration or a separate work of art intended to be kept in an album of such works called a muraqqa. The techniques are broadly comparable to the Western and Byzantine traditions of miniatures in illuminated manuscripts. Although there is an older Persian tradition of wall-painting, the survival rate and state of preservation of miniatures is better, and miniatures are much the best-known form of Persian painting in the West, and many of the most important examples are in Western, or Turkish, museums.
Khātam (Persian: خاتم) is a Persian version of marquetry, art forms made by decorating the surface of wooden articles with delicate pieces of wood, bone and metal precisely-cut geometrical shapes. Khatam is also the capital of Khatam County in Iran. Khatam kari (Persian: خاتمکاری) is the art of crafting a Khatam. Common materials used in the construction of inlaid articles are gold, silver, brass, aluminum and twisted wire.
Minakari or Meenakari (Persian:مینا کاری) is the feminine form of Minoo in Persian, meaning heaven. Mina refers to the Azure colour of heaven. The Iranian craftsmen of Sasanied era invented this art and Mongolsspread it to India and other countries.French tourist, Jean Chardin, who toured Iran during the Safavid rule, made a reference to an enamel work of Isfahan, which comprised a pattern of birds and animals on a floral background in light blue, green, yellow and red.